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Trier - Visit the Oldest City in Germany

Roman Times in Trier

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Porta Nigra Gate, Trier

The Roman Gate "Porta Nigra"

Christof Koepsel/Getty Images

On the banks of the Moselle River lies Trier, Germany's oldest city. It was founded as a Roman colony in 16 B.C. by Emperor Augustus.

Trier - The Second Rome

Trier became the favored residence of several Roman emperors and was even called "Roma Secunda", the second Rome.
Nowhere else in Germany is the evidence of Roman times as vivid as it is in Trier.

Trier – What to Do

Porta Nigra: The highlight of Trier is the Porta Nigra (“black gate”), which is today the largest Roman city gate north of the Alps. The Porta Nigra dates back to 180 A.D. and is inlcuded in the UNESCO world heritage list.

Cathedral of Trier: The Cathedral of Trier was originally built by Constantine the Great, the first Christian Roman Emperor; it is the oldest church in Germany. The Cathedral of Trier houses great works of art and a holy relic that draws many pilgrims: the Holy Robe, the garment said to be worn by Jesus when he was crucified.

Imperial Baths: Visit the ruins of one of the grandest Roman baths of its time; the Kaisertherme was built 1600 years ago, complete with an underground water heating system.

Main Market of Trier: The Main Market (Hauptmarkt) was the heart of medieval Trier; it is home to many picturesque half-timbered houses, the city church, the cathedral, a medieval fountain, and the Jewish quarter of Trier.

Karl Marx House: Visit the birthplace of Karl Marx, who was born in Trier in 1818; the house is now a museum, displaying rare editions of Marx’s writings.

Trier Travel Tips

Trier is also on our list Germany's Top 10 Cities - Best Spots for City Breaks in Germany.

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